Category Cable

Category cable 7, What it is and Why You Don’t Need It?

Written by: Tektel Team

Category cable 7, What it is and Why You Don’t Need It?


In the realm of networking and internet connectivity, the term "Category cable" often reigns supreme. These cables, denoted by the prefix "Cat," are the backbone of modern communication systems, facilitating data transfer in homes, offices, and data centers worldwide. With each iteration promising better performance and higher speeds, it's easy to get caught up in the allure of the latest and greatest. Enter Cat7, touted as the pinnacle of Category cables, promising unparalleled performance and reliability. But before you rush to upgrade, it's essential to understand what Cat7 truly offers and why, for most applications, it's unnecessary.

Understanding Category Cable

Before delving into Cat7, let's establish a foundation by exploring what Category cables are and their evolution over the years. Category cables, commonly referred to as Category cables, are twisted pair cables used for Ethernet and other networking purposes. They are categorized based on their performance characteristics, including bandwidth, crosstalk, and maximum data transmission speeds.   


The evolution of Category cables has seen several iterations, each promising improved performance over its predecessor. Cat5, introduced in the early 1990s, was the first widely adopted standard, offering speeds up to 100 Mbps. It was followed by Cat5e, which provided enhanced performance and support for Gigabit Ethernet speeds up to 1000 Mbps. Subsequent iterations, such as Cat6 and Cat6a, further improved upon these standards, offering higher bandwidth and better resistance to interference.   

Enter Cat7: The Supposed Game-Changer

Cat7, also known as Class F, emerged as the next evolution in Category cables, promising even higher performance and reliability than its predecessors. Marketed as the solution for future-proofing networks and supporting emerging technologies, Cat7 boasts several enhancements over earlier standards.   


One of the key features of Category cable 7 is its improved shielding. Unlike previous iterations that typically feature unshielded or foiled twisted pair (UTP or FTP) construction, Category cable 7 utilize shielded twisted pair (STP) or fully shielded twisted pair (S/FTP) design. This shielding is intended to provide better protection against electromagnetic interference (EMI) and crosstalk, resulting in more stable and reliable network connections.

Additionally, Category cables are designed to support higher frequencies, theoretically enabling faster data transmission speeds. While earlier standards typically support frequencies up to 250 MHz (Cat6a), Cat7 can theoretically handle frequencies up to 600 MHz or even 1000 MHz in some cases. This higher frequency capability theoretically allows for data rates of up to 10 Gbps over distances of up to 100 meters.  

The Reality Check: Do You Really Need Cat7?

While Category cable 7 may sound like the ultimate solution for high-performance networking, the reality is often more nuanced. Despite its touted benefits, Cat7 comes with several caveats and considerations that may make it impractical or unnecessary for many applications.     


Cost: One of the most significant drawbacks of Cat7 is its cost. Compared to earlier standards like Cat6 and Cat6a, Cat7 cables and associated networking equipment tend to be considerably more expensive. This higher cost may not be justified for many users, especially considering that the benefits of Cat7 may not be fully realized in typical home or small office environments.     


Limited Compatibility: Another issue with Cat7 is its limited compatibility with existing infrastructure and hardware. While Cat7 cables may offer superior performance under ideal conditions, they are not necessarily backward compatible with older networking equipment or standards. This means that upgrading to Cat7 may require a complete overhaul of your network infrastructure, including switches, routers, and network interface cards (NICs).     


Overkill for Most Applications: For the majority of home and small business users, the capabilities of Cat6 and Cat6a are more than sufficient. Unless you have specific requirements for ultra-high-speed networking or operating in an environment with exceptionally high levels of EMI, Cat7 may be overkill. In many cases, the extra cost and effort of implementing Cat7 may not provide significant tangible benefits over cheaper, more widely compatible alternatives.     


Installation Complexity: Category cables are thicker and less flexible than earlier standards, making them more challenging to install, especially in tight spaces or over long distances. The additional shielding and larger cable diameter can also lead to increased installation costs and difficulty working with connectors and termination points.

Overkill for Most Applications

For the average consumer or small business owner, the capabilities of Cat7 may be overkill. While it's true that Cat7 can support higher data rates over longer distances compared to its predecessors, the reality is that most applications don't require such extreme performance. For basic internet browsing, streaming media, or even most online gaming, Cat5e or Cat6 cables are more than sufficient to handle the bandwidth requirements.

Future-Proofing Myth

Some proponents of Cat7 argue that investing in higher category cables like Cat7 is a form of future-proofing, ensuring that your network infrastructure can support emerging technologies and higher bandwidth demands. However, this argument overlooks the rapid pace of technological advancement. By the time the average user truly requires the capabilities of Category cable 7, even newer and more advanced standards may have emerged, rendering Cat7 obsolete.

Practical Alternatives

For those seeking a balance between performance and affordability, Cat6a remains a practical choice. Offering support for 10 Gbps data rates at a frequency of 500 MHz, Cat6a provides ample performance headroom for most applications while remaining relatively cost-effective. Additionally, Cat6a cables are more widely supported and compatible with existing networking equipment, making them a versatile and future-proof investment.

The Bottom Line

While Category cable 7 may offer superior performance and reliability in ideal conditions, for the majority of users, the benefits may not justify the cost and complexity of implementation. Category cables like Category cable 6 and Category cable 6a provide excellent performance at a more affordable price point, making them the preferred choice for most applications.

Before considering an upgrade to Cat7 or any other high-performance Category cable, carefully evaluate your specific networking requirements and weigh the costs and benefits. In many cases, sticking with existing standards or opting for more cost-effective alternatives may be the wisest choice.

In the ever-evolving landscape of networking technology, it's essential to separate hype from practicality and make informed decisions based on your unique needs and circumstances. While Cat7 may represent the cutting edge of Category cable technology, it's not necessarily the right choice for everyone. So, before you dive into the world of Cat7, ask yourself: do you really need it?

Category Cable