Cat6a Outdoor Ethernet Cable

Written by: Tektel Team

Cat6a Outdoor Ethernet Cable

 

Technology has come a long way since the days of coaxial cables running at a top speed of 10MB/sec. in fact, it has reached a place where in many instances cables are not required at all, & everything is done wirelessly. While that is mostly true for a home network, more complex networks do require cabling. While existing systems are wired with Category 5 cables to meet requirement standards, the use of Category 6 cables is not only growing, it is also good practice as we look at the future of today’s changing technologies.

 

Category 6 cable is an Ethernet cable that contains four (4) pairs of copper wire, similar to its predecessor Cat5, but Cat6 fully utilizes all of its four pairs. Cat6 supports Gigabit Ethernet speeds up to 1 gigabit per second (Gbps) & supports communications at more than twice the speed of Cat5. Cat6a is an enhanced version of CAT6 that supports up to 10 Gbps speeds.

 

Both Cat6 & Cat6a are designed Gigabit Ethernet & other standard network protocols, so they can both handle 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, 1000BASE-TX, and 10GBASE-T. The differences are evident in speed & distance.

 

What is Cat6a Outdoor Ethernet Cable?

Cat6a, short for Category 6a, is an Ethernet cable standard that has gained prominence due to its exceptional performance and versatility. Cat6a cables are designed to provide high-speed data transmission and reduced electromagnetic interference, making them ideal for both indoor and outdoor networking applications. These cables are an enhanced version of the Cat6 cables, featuring improved specifications that enable them to support higher data rates and offer better overall performance.

Features and Specifications

Cat6a Ethernet cables are engineered with several features that set them apart from their predecessors and other cable types. These features contribute to their superior performance and make them a preferred choice for outdoor networking installations:

Higher Data Rates: Cat6a cables are capable of supporting data rates of up to 10 Gbps (gigabits per second) over distances of up to 100 meters. This level of performance is crucial for modern applications that require large data transfers, such as high-definition video streaming, online gaming, and data-intensive cloud computing.

 

Enhanced Shielding: One of the key strengths of Cat6a cables is their improved shielding. This shielding helps to minimize electromagnetic interference, ensuring reliable data transmission even in noisy environments. The enhanced shielding also makes Cat6a cables suitable for outdoor installations where they may be exposed to external interference sources.

 

Durability and Weather Resistance: Cat6a outdoor Ethernet cables are built to withstand the challenges of outdoor environments. They are designed with rugged jackets and protective coatings that shield the internal components from moisture, UV radiation, extreme temperatures, and other environmental factors. This durability makes them a reliable choice for connecting network devices in gardens, outdoor surveillance systems, and industrial settings.

 

Flexibility and Bend Radius: Despite their robust construction, Cat6a outdoor cables maintain a certain level of flexibility, allowing for easier installation and routing. They also feature a suitable bend radius to prevent damage or signal degradation when the cable is bent or twisted during installation.

Applications of Cat6a Outdoor Ethernet Cable

The versatility and high performance of Cat6a outdoor Ethernet cables make them well-suited for a wide range of applications across different industries:

Residential Networking: In residential settings, Cat6a cables provide homeowners with the ability to extend their network connections to outdoor areas. This allows for the seamless integration of outdoor Wi-Fi access points, smart security cameras, and entertainment systems, enhancing both convenience and security.

 

Commercial and Industrial Networking: Cat6a outdoor cables find extensive use in commercial and industrial environments. They enable the establishment of reliable network connections for outdoor surveillance cameras, industrial automation systems, and outdoor public Wi-Fi hotspots.

 

Campus and Educational Facilities: Educational institutions can benefit from Cat6a outdoor Ethernet cables to establish efficient network connectivity in outdoor areas such as courtyards, sports fields, and open-air auditoriums. This facilitates seamless communication and collaboration for students and faculty members.

 

Event Spaces and Temporary Installations: Cat6a cables are also valuable for temporary networking setups, such as outdoor events, fairs, and exhibitions. They provide a stable and high-speed network infrastructure to support activities that require real-time data exchange and internet access.

Installation and Best Practices

When installing Cat6a outdoor Ethernet cables, it's important to follow best practices to ensure optimal performance and longevity:

Plan the Route: Before installation, carefully plan the cable route to avoid sharp bends, excessive tension, and exposure to potential hazards. Proper planning minimizes the risk of cable damage and signal degradation.

 

Use Quality Connectors: Utilize high-quality connectors and termination tools to ensure a secure and reliable connection. Properly terminated cables reduce the risk of signal loss and interference.

 

Grounding and Bonding: Implement proper grounding and bonding techniques to mitigate the effects of electrical surges and lightning strikes. Grounding provides a pathway for excess electrical energy to safely dissipate, protecting the network equipment.

 

Regular Maintenance: Perform routine inspections and maintenance of the cables and connectors to identify any signs of wear, damage, or deterioration. Timely maintenance helps prevent network disruptions and ensures consistent performance.

 

What is Crosstalk?

Crosstalk is when signal from one channel or circuit interferes with signal from another channel or circuit. signal degradation from near-end crosstalk (NEXT), power sum NEXT (PS-NEXT) and attenuation is lower in Category 6 cable than in its predecessors, primarily due to better insulation, & Cat6a reduces crosstalk even more. Cat6a’s improvement over Cat6 relates to the alien crosstalk (AXT) present in Cat6a and controls signal interference from nearby cables.

 

As for their physical properties, Cat6 combines tight pair twists with extra insulation to reduce crosstalk, while Cat6a had additional twisting of each pair around a flexible (also twisted) central plastic support.


Conclusion

Cat6a is bulkier and heavier than Cat6. The importance of weight & bulkiness comes into play when looking at the number of cables that will fit a cable tray. This in turn calls for a restriction on bundle size (no more than 50 cables a bundle when using Cat6a). Due to weight, make sure to place Cat6a at the bottom of the basket to avoid crushing smaller-diameter cables.

 

Cables that are larger in diameter will have a larger bend radius, so it is crucial to play accordingly and allow extra space when using Cat6a cables.

Cat6a Outdoor Ethernet Cable